Archives2023Vol. 63, № 2pp. 199-210

Article

Monitoring of 137Cs, 90Sr and 40K in Gray Forest Soils and Plants of Reference Sites of the Vladimir Region

A. A. Utkin

Ivanovo State Agricultural Academy D.K. Belyaev, Ivanovo, Russia

Abstract

The paper presents the results of radiation monitoring of gray forest soils of reference agricultural plots of the Vladimir region, conducted in 2011 and 2016. The study established background values of specific activities of the studied radionuclides in the soils of reference sites. According to the density of contamination of the arable horizon of soils 137Cs and 90Sr, the level of the ecological situation was determined, which made it possible to attribute the soils of all reference areas of the region to uncontaminated territories suitable without restrictions for agricultural use. The power of the exposure dose of gamma radiation of soils and the contribution of 40K and 137Cs to the formation of the gamma background of soils are established. Correlation analysis determined the influence of individual physical and chemical properties of oils on the behavior and distribution of radionuclides in the soil and the relationship between the radionuclides themselves. Based on the values of the specific activity of 137Cs and 90Sr in plant products grown on the soils of reference sites in 2011 and 2016, rows of cultivated plants were constructed, with a decreasing ability to accumulate these radionuclides from the soil. All grown plant products for all types of crops fully met the sanitary and hygienic standards required to limit the content of 137Cs and 90Sr in plant feeds (green mass, straw and grain) and food products (apples). According to the transition coefficients, it was found that the process of transition of 90Sr from soil to plants of all kinds proceeded more intensively than the transition of 137Cs. The calculated coefficients of linear correlation between the values of the specific activity of 137Cs and 90Sr in soils and plants revealed the strength and nature of their dependencies.

Keywords

Radiation monitoring, 137Cs, 90Sr, 40К, gray forest soil, plants, reference sites, Vladimir region

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